Block Pallet

A type of pallet with blocks between the pallet decks or beneath the top deck

Chamfered Deckboard

A deckboard with the edges of one or two faces beveled, either along the full or specified length of board or between the stringers or blocks, facilitating entry of pallet-jack wheels and tines of forklift trucks

Cost per Trip

Average cost of pallet or container use for a single one-way movement of the unit load consisting of four to six handlings

Drive-screw Nail

Continuously helically threaded or fluted pallet nail


A device for connecting pallet components such as nails, staples, screws, bolts, lag bolts, adhesives and welds

Flush Pallet

A pallet with deckboards flush with the stringers, stringerboards or blocks along the ends and sides of the pallet

Four-way Block Pallet

A pallet with openings at both opposite pallet ends and sides sufficient to admit hand-pallet jacks; full four-way entry pallet

Free Span

The distance between spacers within the pallet; distance between external pallet supports, as in a warehouse rack

Grocery Pallet

A generic reference to the pallets used in grocery manufacturing, distribution and retailing; historically, it meant a “GMA pallet” which was a pallet specified by the Grocery Manufacturers’ Association.

Multiple use Pallet

A pallet designed for repeated uses for more than one unit load with an average minimum life-to-first repair of ten trips or more, with an average of five handlings per trip in an average handling environment

Notched Stringer

A stringer with two or more notches spaced for fork-tine entry (partial four-way entry)


A portable, horizontal, rigid, composite platform used as a base for assembling, storing, stacking, handling, and transporting goods as a unit load, often equipped with a superstructure

Pallet Life

The period during which the pallet remains useful under given maintenance conditions, expressed in units of time or in the number of one-way movements of the pallet


Consistent performance of a uniform product meeting the customer’s needs for economy and function, normally represented in terms of conformance to predetermined, agreed standards

Repaired Pallet

Pallet with damaged components replaced with new or recycled components, in order to reuse it

Recycled Pallet

A pallet that has been used, discarded, salvaged, repaired, or rebuilt in order to pass through another cycle or cycles of use . . . environmentally responsible

Returnable/Reusable Pallet

A pallet designed to be used for more than one trip; multiple-use pallet

Reversible Pallet

A pallet with identical or similar top and bottom decks, to allow either one to support the unit loadshipping pallet – a pallet designed to be used for a one-direction movement of the unit load from shipper to receiver; it is then recycled or disposed of

Single Wing Pallet

A pallet with the top deckboards or deck extending beyond the outer edge of the stringers or stringerboards and with the bottom deckboards or deck, if any, flush with the outer edges of the stringers or stringerboards


A pallet without bottom deckboards or deck


Continuous, longitudinal, solid or notched beam-component of the pallet used to support and space the deck components, often identified by location as the outside, interior, or center stringer


Overhang of deckboard or deck end from the outside edge of the stringer, to increase unit-load area, to add pallet load-bearing capacity, to reduce deckboard-end splitting by fasteners, and to facilitate the lifting of a pallet with bar slings hanging from a crane